CSS3和JS响应式垂直手风琴特效

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CSS3和JS响应式垂直手风琴特效
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    插件介绍

    这是一款使用CSS3和JS制作的响应式垂直手风琴特效。该垂直手风琴特效在展开手风琴项时,标题的图标和相应的列表内容使用CSS3 animation来制作动画特效。

    浏览器兼容性

    浏览器兼容性
    时间:2016-08-20
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麦子学院
简要教程

这是一款使用CSS3和JS制作的响应式垂直手风琴特效。该垂直手风琴特效在展开手风琴项时,标题的图标和相应的列表内容使用CSS3 animation来制作动画特效。

使用方法

HTML结构

该垂直手风琴列表的HTML结构如下。

<div class="container">
  <div class="accordion">
    <dl>
      <dt>
        <a href="#accordion1" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="accordion1" 
           class="accordion-title accordionTitle js-accordionTrigger">标题1</a>
      </dt>
      <dd class="accordion-content accordionItem is-collapsed" id="accordion1" aria-hidden="true">
        <p>...</p>
      </dd>
      <dt>
        <a href="#accordion2" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="accordion2" 
           class="accordion-title accordionTitle js-accordionTrigger">标题2</a>
      </dt>
      <dd class="accordion-content accordionItem is-collapsed" id="accordion2" aria-hidden="true">
        <p>...</p>
      </dd>
      <dt>
        <a href="#accordion3" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="accordion3" 
           class="accordion-title accordionTitle js-accordionTrigger">标题3</a>
      </dt>
      <dd class="accordion-content accordionItem is-collapsed" id="accordion3" aria-hidden="true">
        <p>...</p>
      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>
</div>   
                
CSS样式

该手风琴特效主要执行两个animation动画:animateInanimateOut,分别用于手风琴项的展开和收缩时的动画效果。

.animateIn {
  -webkit-animation: accordionIn 0.45s normal ease-in-out both 1;
          animation: accordionIn 0.45s normal ease-in-out both 1;
}

.animateOut {
  -webkit-animation: accordionOut 0.45s alternate ease-in-out both 1;
          animation: accordionOut 0.45s alternate ease-in-out both 1;
}

@-webkit-keyframes accordionIn {
  0% {
    opacity: 0;
    -webkit-transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
            transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
    -webkit-transform-origin: 50% 0;
            transform-origin: 50% 0;
  }
  100% {
    opacity: 1;
    -webkit-transform: scale(1);
            transform: scale(1);
  }
}

@keyframes accordionIn {
  0% {
    opacity: 0;
    -webkit-transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
            transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
    -webkit-transform-origin: 50% 0;
            transform-origin: 50% 0;
  }
  100% {
    opacity: 1;
    -webkit-transform: scale(1);
            transform: scale(1);
  }
}
@-webkit-keyframes accordionOut {
  0% {
    opacity: 1;
    -webkit-transform: scale(1);
            transform: scale(1);
  }
  100% {
    opacity: 0;
    -webkit-transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
            transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
  }
}
@keyframes accordionOut {
  0% {
    opacity: 1;
    -webkit-transform: scale(1);
            transform: scale(1);
  }
  100% {
    opacity: 0;
    -webkit-transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
            transform: scale(0.9) rotateX(-60deg);
  }
}               
                
JavaScript

该手风琴特效使用JavaScript来监听手风琴项的鼠标点击或移动触摸事件,并执行相应的操作。

(function(){
  var d = document,
  accordionToggles = d.querySelectorAll('.js-accordionTrigger'),
  setAria,
  setAccordionAria,
  switchAccordion,
  touchSupported = ('ontouchstart' in window),
  pointerSupported = ('pointerdown' in window);
  
  skipClickDelay = function(e){
    e.preventDefault();
    e.target.click();
  }

    setAriaAttr = function(el, ariaType, newProperty){
    el.setAttribute(ariaType, newProperty);
  };
  setAccordionAria = function(el1, el2, expanded){
    switch(expanded) {
      case "true":
        setAriaAttr(el1, 'aria-expanded', 'true');
        setAriaAttr(el2, 'aria-hidden', 'false');
        break;
      case "false":
        setAriaAttr(el1, 'aria-expanded', 'false');
        setAriaAttr(el2, 'aria-hidden', 'true');
        break;
      default:
        break;
    }
  };
//function
switchAccordion = function(e) {
  console.log("triggered");
  e.preventDefault();
  var thisAnswer = e.target.parentNode.nextElementSibling;
  var thisQuestion = e.target;
  if(thisAnswer.classList.contains('is-collapsed')) {
    setAccordionAria(thisQuestion, thisAnswer, 'true');
  } else {
    setAccordionAria(thisQuestion, thisAnswer, 'false');
  }
    thisQuestion.classList.toggle('is-collapsed');
    thisQuestion.classList.toggle('is-expanded');
    thisAnswer.classList.toggle('is-collapsed');
    thisAnswer.classList.toggle('is-expanded');
  
    thisAnswer.classList.toggle('animateIn');
  };
  for (var i=0,len=accordionToggles.length; i<len; i++) {
    if(touchSupported) {
      accordionToggles[i].addEventListener('touchstart', skipClickDelay, false);
    }
    if(pointerSupported){
      accordionToggles[i].addEventListener('pointerdown', skipClickDelay, false);
    }
    accordionToggles[i].addEventListener('click', switchAccordion, false);
  }
})();                
                

完整的CSS代码请参考下载文件。

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