jQuery和CSS3超逼真的图片放大镜特效

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jQuery和CSS3超逼真的图片放大镜特效
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    插件介绍

    这是一款效果非常逼真的jQuery和CSS3超逼真的图片放大镜特效。该图片放大镜特效使用CSS3的box-shadow和border-radius实现来制作放大镜的样式,使用jQuery来获取当前鼠标的坐标系,并修改当前坐标系的背景图像。

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    时间:2015-03-17
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简要教程

这是一款效果非常逼真的jQueryCSS3超逼真的图片放大镜特效。该图片放大镜特效使用CSS3的box-shadowborder-radius实现来制作放大镜的样式,使用jQuery来获取当前鼠标的坐标系,并修改当前坐标系的背景图像。

使用方法

HTML结构

这个图片放大镜特效的HTML结构非常简单,使用一个class 为magnifydiv作为wrapper,里面缩略图直接使用<img>来制作,原图使用一个class为largediv制作。

<div class="magnify">
  <!-- This is the magnifying glass which will contain the original/large version -->
  <div class="large"></div>
  <!-- This is the small image -->
  <img class="small" src="img/iphone.jpg" width="200"/>
</div>    
              
CSS样式

CSS样式主要是设置放大镜的外观样式,使用box-shadowborder-radius来实现。为制作放大镜的圆形边框,使用了多重阴影技术。

/*Lets create the magnifying glass*/
.large {
  width: 175px; height: 175px;
  position: absolute;
  border-radius: 100%;
  
  /*Multiple box shadows to achieve the glass effect*/
  box-shadow: 0 0 0 7px rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.85), 
  0 0 7px 7px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.25), 
  inset 0 0 40px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.25);
  
  /*Lets load up the large image first*/
  background: url('img/iphone.jpg') no-repeat;
  
  /*hide the glass by default*/
  display: none;
}         
              
JAVASCRIPT

该图片放大镜特效在插件初始化的时候,会先计算缩略图的原始尺寸,在获取缩略图的原始尺寸之后,才开始放大图片。

在获取缩略图的尺寸的时候,插件会创建一个和.small属性一样的Image对象。我们不能直接获取.small的尺寸大小,因为它的width属性设置为200像素,我们不知道它的高度,为了获取它的实际尺寸,只有新建一个Image对象。

if(!native_width && !native_height)
{
  //This will create a new image object with the same image as that in .small
  //We cannot directly get the dimensions from .small because of the 
  //width specified to 200px in the html. To get the actual dimensions we have
  //created this image object.
  var image_object = new Image();
  image_object.src = $(".small").attr("src");
  
  //This code is wrapped in the .load function which is important.
  //width and height of the object would return 0 if accessed before 
  //the image gets loaded.
  native_width = image_object.width;
  native_height = image_object.height;
}               
              

在获取缩略图的正确尺寸之后,然后获取鼠标在缩略图上的偏移位置mxmy。当鼠标在图片内时,.large被设置为可见状态,然后通过一个小公式来获取鼠标在缩略图上的坐标对应的在大图上的坐标。最后使用css()方法来修改放大镜的坐标和背景位置。

 else
{
  //x/y coordinates of the mouse
  //This is the position of .magnify with respect to the document.
  var magnify_offset = $(this).offset();
  //We will deduct the positions of .magnify from the mouse positions with
  //respect to the document to get the mouse positions with respect to the 
  //container(.magnify)
  var mx = e.pageX - magnify_offset.left;
  var my = e.pageY - magnify_offset.top;
  
  //Finally the code to fade out the glass if the mouse is outside the container
  if(mx < $(this).width() && my < $(this).height() && mx > 0 && my > 0)
  {
    $(".large").fadeIn(100);
  }
  else
  {
    $(".large").fadeOut(100);
  }
  if($(".large").is(":visible"))
  {
    //The background position of .large will be changed according to the position
    //of the mouse over the .small image. So we will get the ratio of the pixel
    //under the mouse pointer with respect to the image and use that to position the 
    //large image inside the magnifying glass
    var rx = Math.round(mx/$(".small").width()*native_width - $(".large").width()/2)*-1;
    var ry = Math.round(my/$(".small").height()*native_height - $(".large").height()/2)*-1;
    var bgp = rx + "px " + ry + "px";
    
    //Time to move the magnifying glass with the mouse
    var px = mx - $(".large").width()/2;
    var py = my - $(".large").height()/2;
    //Now the glass moves with the mouse
    //The logic is to deduct half of the glass's width and height from the 
    //mouse coordinates to place it with its center at the mouse coordinates
    
    //If you hover on the image now, you should see the magnifying glass in action
    $(".large").css({left: px, top: py, backgroundPosition: bgp});
  }
}